In this post, we will be installing Linux, in this case ubuntu, to a virtual machine using virtualbox, which can be downloaded at virtualbox.org. However, all installs will be similar, they may just have a different GUI (graphical user interface)
A Description of Linux Source: linux.com
“Linux is, in simplest terms, an operating system. It is the software on a computer that enables applications and the computer operator to access the devices on the computer to perform desired functions. The operating system (OS) relays instructions from an application to, for instance, the computer’s processor. The processor performs the instructed task, then sends the results back to the application via the operating system.
Explained in these terms, Linux is very similar to other operating systems, such as Windows and OS X.
But something sets Linux apart from these operating systems. The Linux operating system represented a $25 billion ecosystem in 2008. Since its inception in 1991, Linux has grown to become a force in computing, powering everything from the New York Stock Exchange to mobile phones to supercomputers to consumer devices.
As an open operating system, Linux is developed collaboratively, meaning no one company is solely responsible for its development or ongoing support. Companies participating in the Linux economy share research and development costs with their partners and competitors. This spreading of development burden amongst individuals and companies has resulted in a large and efficient ecosystem and unheralded software innovation.”
Installing Ubuntu (a form of linux)
1. Download Ubuntu from http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop In virtualbox, you must use the 32 bit version (more on the difference between 32 and 64 bit in a later post) in virtualbox (if using vmware workstation, you can use either, but if using 64 bit, you must specify. More on using vmware instead of virtualbox) .
2. Run virualbox. If you haven’t installed it yet, it can be downloaded for free from virtualbox.org.
3. Click Run, and type “Ubuntu” into the name slot. The other settings should adjust automatically. Ensure that the OS is set as Linux and that the version is set as ubuntu, unless you are using a different version of linux.
4. Set the ram using the slider to the point between red and yellow.
5. Click next until the below window appears. Make sure you have at least 12.1 GB, however you want more for files and programs.
6. Click settings, then storage.
6. Click the disk icon with the words “empty” by it. Then click the smaller icon to the far right, then click “Chose an optical disk file” with a folder icon by it. Go to your downloads folder, and click the Ubuntu*************i386 file.
7. Click OK, select your virtual machine from the menu on the right, then click start.
8. After a while, the below window will appear. Click “Install Now”
9. Click “Install Now”
10. Once Ubuntu has finished installing, you will be asked to restart. Do so.
You have finished installing ubuntu. Congratulations.